A Brief Look at the Skin
The skin is the largest organ of the body. Due to the complexity of its structure, a long list of conditions can affect the skin, presenting in a variety of ways.
In this section, we are going to consider some of the leading problems of skin that dermatologists commonly treat. These include:
- Pigmentation Problems
- Skin Cancer
The skin is made up of two main layers: the epidermis and the dermis, with the subcutaneous fat lying underneath. The epidermis is the upper most layer of skin. The dermis is under the epidermis and is the location for all blood vessels, nerve endings, oil and sweat glands, collagen and elastins (that give your skin its sensitivity and appearance). The subcutaneous fat, which absorbs shocks, keeps you warm and is the location of each hair follicle. This is the reason why dermatologists also specialise in conditions relating to hair.
Natural compounds and oils within the skin also serve many functions, ie. compounds like melanin give skin its colour and protect you from UV (ultraviolet rays). Although skin functions usually operate smoothly, it is common for such functions in the skin to go wrong. For example, a common ‘pimple’ is the result of a pore becoming clogged. Hair and nails also relate directly to the skin (hair forms in a follicle deep in the dermis and subcutaneous fat and nails are the result of living skin cells that harden into keratin). Hair and nails can also malfunction, requiring treatment.
The health of the individual is often revealed by the health of their skin, hair and nails. This section focuses on the most common problems that can appear in the skin, hair and nails and provides information on the common treatments and prevention strategies dermatologists use to help keep the skin, hair and nails at their best.
If you have any questions or concerns about nail trauma or nail diseases, make an appointment to see our dermatologist. Contact us today.